WHAT IS THE VITRECTOMY SURGERY?
Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure in which the vitreous of the eye is removed through a small incision, and replaced with a solution that maintains the shape of the eye.
FOR WHAT SITUATIONS IS VITRECTOMY ADVISED?
This procedure can be performed for a variety of reasons: to remove scar tissue membranes on the surface of the retina, to repair macular holes, to repair retinal detachments, dislocated or subluxated cataracts, or to treat vitreous hemorrhage, as well as other, less frequent indications.
Patients with diabetes are particularly prone to retinal problems for which a vitrectomy may be recommended (to remove blood in the vitreous gel caused by abnormal vessel growth and vessel hemorrhage).
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THIS OPERATION?
Vitrectomy is a quick, painless and relatively safe procedure that can be performed under local anesthesia. However, it is important to emphasise that, as with any surgery, there can never be an absolute guarantee of success, and it involves risks and complications that must be carefully considered.
ALTERNATIVES TO VITRECTOMY
Available alternatives include Pneumatic Retinopexy or a Scleral Indentation procedure for patients diagnosed with retinal detachment.
AND AFTER THE SURGERY?
Vitrectomy is usually performed on an outpatient basis, i.e. without the need for hospitalization.
The eye may be red and slightly tender for a few days. To prevent infection, your ophthalmologist may prescribe eye drops containing antibiotics and anti-inflammatories.
Recovery after surgery may take several weeks. It is very important to follow the doctor’s specific instructions, in order to avoid risks or complications in the postoperative period.